NASA's Ames Research Center

which conducts the SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) Project, Exobiology (alien life forms) Division, and "Human Factors" (PSY-Warfare Division), Sunnyvale, California.

Aug. 15, 2001    

John Bluck

NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Sunnyvale, California

Phone: 650/604-5026 or 650/604-9000


NASA PAO on duty

NASA Newsroom, Jacksonville Naval Air Station, FL

Phone: 904/542-3846




Learning how to increase the warning time before Atlantic hurricanes make landfall is a goal of some100 U.S. researchers from NASA and other agencies who will a begin a 5-week campaign on Aug. 16.

Airborne researchers will fly above, around and through these weather monsters, and also will use satellites, balloons, unpiloted aircraft and ground-based instruments to gather hurricane data. Scientists from five NASA centers, several government agencies and 10 universities are cooperating to study tropical storms that erupt in the Atlantic Ocean.

"The Ames Earth Science Project Office is coordinating and managing the overall project," said Steve Hipskind, project manager at NASA¹s Ames Research Center in California¹s Silicon Valley. Called the Fourth Convection And Moisture EXperiment (CAMEX-4), the scientific campaign begins Aug. 16 with a Œmedia day¹ for journalists at Jacksonville Naval Air Station, FL. The project is scheduled to last until Sept. 24.

A major campaign goal is to produce more accurate hurricane predictions of storm landfall to decrease the size of coastal evacuations and to increase warning time. Researchers also are striving to reduce landfall track and intensity forecast errors and improve precipitation forecasts to enable more accurate inland flooding predictions.

"We will be making measurements in hurricanes with the NASA DC-8 and ER-2 aircraft out of Jacksonville Naval Air Station, FL," Hipskind said. "In addition, we will be flying a low-altitude uninhabited aerial vehicle (drone airplane), the Aerosonde. There will be ground instrumentation (several large weather radar and balloon soundings), as well as a large theoretical and satellite science team. Our collaborators include the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and Air Force ŒHurricane Hunters,¹ both of which provide operational aircraft reconnaissance in hurricanes, as well as the NOAA Hurricane Research Division and the United States Weather Research Program." The National Science Foundation is providing researchers from the National Center for Atmospheric Research for the campaign.

Mike Craig of Ames is sharing project management responsibility with Hipskind. Craig is doing much of the planning with Hipskind and taking the field lead for the second half of the deployment. The large team of researchers will select hurricanes and study them as they approach landfall in the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico and along the East Coast of the United States. Aircraft operations will be within a 1,725-mile radius (2,760 km) of Jacksonville.

CAMEX-4 is focussed on the study of hurricane development, tracking, intensification and landfall impacts using NASA-funded aircraft and surface remote instruments. When possible, scientists will compare and validate measurements with coincident observations from the QuikSCAT, Terra and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellites. This study will yield high spacial and temporal information of hurricane structure, dynamics and motion. Scientists want to capture two complete "snapshots" of a hurricane.

The resulting data -- when analyzed within the context of more traditional aircraft, satellite and ground-based radar observations -- should provide additional insight to hurricane modelers and forecasters who strive to improve hurricane predictions.

NASA Ames is responsible for assuring the airworthiness and flight safety of the remotely piloted Aerosonde aircraft, and the overall operational readiness and collaborative agreements for all of the participating aircraft, according to Hipskind. Each Aerosonde weighs about 30 pounds (less than 15 kg) and will fly between 500 feet and 1,500 feet (150 m - 450 m) in the hurricane¹s winds to gather data and send it back to researchers. Should one of the tiny uninhabited aircraft be sucked up to higher altitudes, controllers would send a signal to destroy it to avoid a collision with another aircraft.

"Ames also has participating scientists," Hipskind said. "Paul Bui is the principal investigator for the meteorological measurement system for the DC-8 aircraft, and Lenny Pfister is the co-investigator on both Paul's experiment, as well as a NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (Pasadena, CA) laser hygrometer on the DC-8." A hygrometer is an instrument that measures humidity in the air.

Bui¹s experiment includes three major systems on the DC-8 airplane that normally flies at a medium altitude between 20,000 ft. and 40,000 ft. ( 6,000 m - 12,000 m). The systems will measure air velocity to give scientists a three-dimensional picture of wind directions. Bui also will provide extremely accurate temperature measurements, critical to understanding details of hurricane cloud formation.

While remote sensing of the hurricane environment is the primary objective of CAMEX-4, separate flights will study thunderstorm structure, precipitation systems and atmospheric water vapor profiles. The objective of these flights is to improve precipitation estimates from microwave instruments, particularly to validate NASA satellite measurements.

The NASA Earth Science Enterprise sponsors CAMEX-4. More CAMEX-4 information is on the Internet at: and


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Page Design by Jonas Dino
NASA Responsible Official: John Bluck

[Editor's note: Much of what NASA does is very beneficial to mankind, however, I question why hurricanes are on the increase. I suspect that it has something to do with global warming. When we get rid of global warming, then I suspect that the amount and/or severity of hurricanes will decrease causing less destruction of property and human life.

In terms of SETI, this is a destructive action by the Ames Research Center and needs to be disbanded. Extraterrestrial life is peaceful, not warlike as our elite and much of our military personnel are.]

For the simple reason that this research center is under the jurisdiction of the War Department of the Shadow Government, we have to stop this. This is just the same as commiting atrocities to human beings on the earth. There is no difference.

Extraterrestrial life is just as precious as human life on the earth. If these employees can't understand that then they need to be reconditioned because we can learn from other people who come from other planets if we treat them with dignity and respect. Any planetary traveler who arrives on earth has come a long, long way. We need to welcome them not abuse them. They have intelligence far beyond ours.


TRUE DEMOCRACY     SUMMER 2001     Copyright © 2001 by News Sourse, Inc.