The Journal of History
La verdad sobre la democracia
More on 9/11
1. i. I swear
ii. by Apollo the Physician and by Asclepius and by Health and Panacea
and by all the gods as well as goddesses, making them judges
iii. to bring the following oath and written covenant to fulfillment,in accordance with my power and my judgment;
2. i. to regard him who has taught me this techne as equal to my
ii. to share, in partnership, my livelihood with him and to give him a
share when he is in need of necessities, and
iii. to judge the offspring [coming] from him equal to [my] male
iv. to teach them this techne, should they desire to learn [it],
without fee and written covenant, and to give a share both of rules and of
lectures, and of all the rest of learning, to my sons and to the [sons]of
him who has taught me and to the pupils who have both make a written
contract and sworn by a medical convention but by no other.
3. i. And I will use regimens for the benefit of the ill in accordance
with my ability and my judgment, but from [what is] to their harm or
injustice I will keep [them].
4. i. And I will not give a drug that is deadly to anyone if asked [for
ii. nor will I suggest the way to such a counsel. And likewise I will
not give a woman a destructive pessary.
5. i. And in a pure and holy way
ii. I will guard my life and my techne.
6. i. I will not cut, and certainly not those suffering from stone, but
I will cede [this] to men [who are] practitioners of this activity.
7. i. Into as many houses as I may enter, I will go for the benefit of
ii. while being far from all voluntary and destructive injustice,
especially from sexual acts both upon women's bodies and upon men's, both of
the free and of the slaves.
8. i. And about whatever I may see or hear in treatment, or even
without treatment, in the life of human beings -- things that should not ever
be blurted out outside --I will remain silent, holding such things to
be unutterable [sacred, not to be divulged],
i. a. If I render this oath fulfilled, and if I do not blur and
confound it [making it to no effect]
b. may it be [granted] to me to enjoy the benefits both of life and of
c. being held in good repute among all human beings for time eternal.
ii. a. If, however, I transgress and purjure myself,
b. the opposite of these